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Department of Physiology, Development and Neuroscience

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Single brain region linked to depression and anxiety, heart disease and response to treatment

Single brain region linked to depression and anxiety, heart disease and response to treatment

Marmoset study published in Nature Communications finds single brain region linking depression and anxiety, heart disease, and people’s sensitivity to treatment

Single brain region linked to depression and anxiety, heart disease and response to treatment - Read More…

How exercise can help fight cancer

How exercise can help fight cancer

Exercise reduces the growth of tumors and increases the effectivity of immune cells that fight cancer in mice, according to new study by the Johnson lab published in eLife

How exercise can help fight cancer - Read More…

‘Happy ending effect’ can bias future decisions, say scientists

‘Happy ending effect’ can bias future decisions, say scientists

Study by Martin Vestergaard published in The Journal of Neuroscience reveals brain mechanisms underlying irrational decision-making

‘Happy ending effect’ can bias future decisions, say scientists - Read More…

Prof Magdalena Zernicka-Goetz receives NIH award

Prof Magdalena Zernicka-Goetz receives NIH award

Magdalena Zernicka-Goetz, Bren Professor of Biology and Biological Engineering at Caltech and Professor at the University of Cambridge, is a recipient of an NIH Director's Pioneer Award this year. The NIH Director's Pioneer Award,

Prof Magdalena Zernicka-Goetz receives NIH award - Read More…

Prof Angela Roberts awarded Goldman-Rakic Prize in Cognitive Neuroscience

Prof Angela Roberts awarded Goldman-Rakic Prize in Cognitive Neuroscience

Professor Angela Roberts has been awarded this years Goldman-Rakic Prize in Cognitive Neuroscience, jointly with Professor Robert Desimone, Director of the McGovern Institute at MIT, Boston, USA

Prof Angela Roberts awarded Goldman-Rakic Prize in Cognitive Neuroscience - Read More…

Splitting to differentiate: abscission couples cell division to embryonic stem cell fate

Splitting to differentiate: abscission couples cell division to embryonic stem cell fate

New paper by the Paluch lab published in Developmental Cell outlines how cell division during development can remodel itself to facilitate transitions between stem cell fate

Splitting to differentiate: abscission couples cell division to embryonic stem cell fate - Read More…

Ventromedial prefrontal area 14 provides opposing regulation of threat and reward-elicited responses in the common marmoset

Ventromedial prefrontal area 14 provides opposing regulation of threat and reward-elicited responses in the common marmoset

New study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences this week shows how overactivity of an area in the frontal lobes, called area 14, that shows altered activity in depression, can flatten anticipatory excitement in marmoset monkeys and cause an acute state of anxiety-like behaviour.

Ventromedial prefrontal area 14 provides opposing regulation of threat and reward-elicited responses in the common marmoset - Read More…

Insight into development of cells in the nose that can promote nerve repair

Insight into development of cells in the nose that can promote nerve repair

Study by the Baker lab identifies novel markers for developing olfactory ensheathing cells and unexpected parallels with oligodendrocytes

Insight into development of cells in the nose that can promote nerve repair - Read More…

Prevention of heart disease can start before birth

Prevention of heart disease can start before birth

Mitochondrial therapy in complicated pregnancies lowers the chance of cardiovascular problems in the offspring

Prevention of heart disease can start before birth - Read More…

Developmental potential of aneuploid human embryos cultured beyond implantation

Developmental potential of aneuploid human embryos cultured beyond implantation

The first detailed analysis of post-implantation development of aneuploid human embryos have been published in Nature Communications by the Zernicka-Goetz lab

Developmental potential of aneuploid human embryos cultured beyond implantation - Read More…

Origin and function of the yolk sac in primate embryogenesis

Origin and function of the yolk sac in primate embryogenesis

Why do human embryos need a yolk sac and how does it form? This Perspective on Nature Communications by Thorsten Boroviak and Connor Ross explores the development and function of the yolk sac in primate embryogenesis

Origin and function of the yolk sac in primate embryogenesis - Read More…

DDIEM: drug database for inborn errors of metabolism

A new paper published in the rare disease Orphanet Journal by the Schofield group announces the release of a new database for metabolic diseases

DDIEM: drug database for inborn errors of metabolism - Read More…

Autophagy-mediated apoptosis eliminates chromosomally abnormal cells from the mouse epiblast

New paper in Nature Communications by the Zernicka-Goetz group shows that apoptosis and autophagy ensure aneuploid cells in early stage embryos do not proceed through post-implantation development of the fetus

Autophagy-mediated apoptosis eliminates chromosomally abnormal cells from the mouse epiblast - Read More…

High doses of ketamine can temporarily switch off the brain

High doses of ketamine can temporarily switch off the brain

The Morton lab has identified two brain phenomena that may explain some of the side-effects of ketamine. Measurements of the brain waves of sheep sedated by the drug may explain the out-of-body experience and state of complete oblivion it can cause

High doses of ketamine can temporarily switch off the brain - Read More…

Chicken embryo studies hatch clue on improving life-saving therapy for preterm babies

Chicken embryo studies hatch clue on improving life-saving therapy for preterm babies

Research by the Giussani Lab published in The FASEB Journal suggests that combining currently used glucocorticoids with antioxidant could improve clinical treatment in pregnancies at risk of preterm birth

Chicken embryo studies hatch clue on improving life-saving therapy for preterm babies - Read More…

Neutrophils self-organise during the initiation of inflammatory responses

Neutrophils self-organise during the initiation of inflammatory responses

New study by the Sarris lab in Current Biology describes how close communication of neutrophils inside clusters organises their migration to sites of tissue damage and contributes to local defence

Neutrophils self-organise during the initiation of inflammatory responses - Read More…

Living cells adapt their stiffness to that of their surroundings, or not?

Living cells adapt their stiffness to that of their surroundings, or not?

New study by the Franze lab published in Nature Materials could have disproven a central dogma of mechanobiology: that living cells adapt their stiffness to the stiffness of their microenvironment.

Living cells adapt their stiffness to that of their surroundings, or not? - Read More…

Basement membrane remodelling regulates development

Basement membrane remodelling regulates development

New study by Zernicka-Goetz lab published on Nature on the mechanism of membrane perforation during the development of the mouse embryo

Basement membrane remodelling regulates development - Read More…

Cancerous cells hijack their microenvironment through long-range Notch activation

Cancerous cells hijack their microenvironment through long-range Notch activation

The Bray lab investigates how cancerous epithelial cells sustain tumor growth in their latest paper published on Current Biology, showing that epithelial cytonemes provide Delta to co-opt the normal mesenchyme through long-range Notch activation

Cancerous cells hijack their microenvironment through long-range Notch activation - Read More…

Parental exposure to pathogens can result in increased response in their offspring

Nick Burton has just published a new studio on Nature Communications about how the response in parents to environmental stress, such as infections, can prime their offspring to better react to the same type of stress.

Parental exposure to pathogens can result in increased response in their offspring - Read More…

Fat fetuses: thyroid hormone deficiency before birth modifies adipose tissue development

Fat fetuses: thyroid hormone deficiency before birth modifies adipose tissue development

New study by PDN and collaborators demonstrates that thyroid hormone deficiency before birth causes overgrowth of white adipose tissue

Fat fetuses: thyroid hormone deficiency before birth modifies adipose tissue development - Read More…

Study reveals novel aspects of the human metabolic response to hypoxia

Study reveals novel aspects of the human metabolic response to hypoxia

In a report published in the New England Journal of Medicine, Dr Andrew Murray and Dr Katie O’Brien of PDN, along with an international team of collaborators, describe new aspects of the human metabolic response to low oxygen levels

Study reveals novel aspects of the human metabolic response to hypoxia - Read More…

Cancer prediction through artificial neural network algorithms

Cancer prediction through artificial neural network algorithms

International team of researchers led by Paul Schofield developes a new algorithmic method capable of analyzing molecular data collected in studies and identifying genetic patterns associated to the development of cancer

Cancer prediction through artificial neural network algorithms - Read More…

New study by Ewa Paluch's lab makes cover of Developmental Cell

New study by Ewa Paluch's lab makes cover of Developmental Cell

The researchers used proteomics to identify key factors controlling actin organisation in mitosis

New study by Ewa Paluch's lab makes cover of Developmental Cell - Read More…

Common technique used in IVF impacts placenta growth and function

Common technique used in IVF impacts placenta growth and function

New mouse study by the Watson group published in Reproduction shows that a common technique required for in vitro fertilization changes how genes are expressed in the placenta and alters fetal and placental growth with potential implications on life-long health.

Common technique used in IVF impacts placenta growth and function - Read More…