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Professor Roger Carpenter, Professor of Oculomotor Physiology Tel: 01223 333886, E-mail: rhsc1@cam.ac.uk

Carpenter, R. H. S., and Williams, M. L. L. (1995). Neural computation of log likelihood in the control of saccadic eye movements. Nature, 377 59-62. [abstract]

Carpenter, R. H. S. (1995). Moving the Mental Maps. Current Biology, 5 1082-84. [abstract]

Carpenter, R. H. S. (1995). Neurofisiologia, Italian translation of 2nd English edition, Tr. Paolo Martini. Casa Editrice Ambrosiana, Milan.

Merrison, A. F. A., and Carpenter, R. H. S. (1995). 'Express' smooth pursuit. Vision Research, 35 1459-1462. [abstract]

Carpenter, R. H. S. (1996). Eye movements and the mechanisms of accommodation and the pupil. Comprehensive Human Physiology, R. Greger and U. Windhorst, eds., Springer Verlag, Berlin, 829-837.

Carpenter, R. H. S., and Kinsler, V. (1995). Saccadic eye movements while reading music. Vision Research, 35 1447-1458. [abstract]

Carpenter, R. H. S. (1996). Neurophysiology, Arnolds, London.

Khan, O., Taylor, S. J., Jones, J. G., Swart, M., Hanes, D. P., and Carpenter, R. H. S. (1997). Effects of low dose isoflurane on saccade eye movement generation. British Journal of Anaesthesia, 87 675.

Carpenter, R. H. S. (1997). Sensorimotor processing: charting the frontier. Current Biology, 7 348-351.[abstract]

Hanes, D. P., and Carpenter, R. H. S. (1997). Countermanding saccades in humans. Society for Neuroscience Abstract, 23 757.

Heywood, H., and Carpenter, R. H. S. (1998). Blood glucose and saccadic latency. Journal of Physiology, 506 122P.

Carpenter, R. H. S., and Robson, J. G. (1998). Vision Research: a Practical Guide to Laboratory Methods. , Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Khan, O., Taylor, S. J., Jones, J. G., Swart, M., Hanes, D. P., and Carpenter, R. H. S. (1999). Effects of low-dose isoflurane on saccade eye movement generation. Anaesthesia, 54 142-145.[abstract]

Carpenter, R. H. S. (1998). Neurofisiología Spanish translation of 3rd English edition. Tr. J D A Martinez, J J A Valdivieso. El Manual Moderno, Santafé de Bogotá.

Carpenter, R. H. S. (1999). Mouvements oculaires et lecture musicale au piano. Médecine des Arts, 28 8-13.

Carpenter, R. H. S. (1999). A neural mechanism that randomises behaviour. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 6 13-22. [full text]

Carpenter, R. H. S. (1999). Visual selection; neurons that make up their minds. Current Biology, 9 595-598.[abstract]

Hanes, D. P., and Carpenter, R. H. S. (1999). Countermanding saccades in humans. Vision Research, 39 2777-2791. [full text]

Jandziol, A. K., Prabhu, M., Carpenter, R. H. S., and Jones, J. G. (2000). Blink duration: a function of anaesthetic sedation. British Journal of Anaesthesia, 84 278P.

Carpenter, R. H. S. (2000). The neural control of looking Current Biology, 10 291-293.[abstract]

Reddi, B., & Carpenter, R. H. S. (2000). The influence of urgency on decision time. Nature Neuroscience, 3, 827-831. [abstract]

Carpenter, R. H. S. (2001). Express saccades: is bimodality a result of the order of stimulus presentation? Vision Research, 41 1145-1151.  [full text]

Carpenter, R. H. S. & Reddi, B.,(2001). Putting noise into neurophysiological models of simple decision making: a reply to Roger Ratcliff. Nature Neuroscience, 4, 336-337.

Jandziol, A. K., Prabhu, M., Carpenter, R. H. S. & Jones, J. G. (2001) Blink duration as a measure of low-level anaesthetic sedation. European Journal of Anaesthesiology 18, 476-484.

Leach, J. C. D., and Carpenter, R. H. S. (2001). Saccadic choice with asynchronous targets: evidence for independent randomisation. Vision Research, 41, 3437-3445. [full text]

Asrress, K. N., and Carpenter, R. H. S. (2001). Saccadic countermanding: a comparison of central and peripheral stop signals. Vision Research, 41, 2645-2651. [full text]

Ware, J. S., Blount, P. R. & Carpenter, R. H. S. (2001). The dynamics of expectation: rapid effects of probabilistic cues on saccadic latency. In Neural Control of Movement: 11th Annual Meeting. ed. STRICK, P. L., pp. D-04, Seville.

Carpenter, R. H. S. (2002). Neurophysiology. Arnolds, London.

Carpenter, R. H. S. (2002). Reaching out: cortical mechanisms of directed action. Current Biology 12, R517-519.

Carpenter, R. H. S., Descamps, M. J. L., Morley, C. H., Leary, T. S. & Jones, J. G. (2002). The effect of low dose sevoflurane on saccadic eye movement latency. Anaesthesia 57, 855-859.

Zarei, M., Nouraei, S. A. R., Caine, D., Hodges, J. R. & Carpenter, R. H. S. (2002). Neuropsychological and quantitative oculometric study of a case of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease at pre-dementia stage. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry 73, 56-58.

Nouraei, S. A. R., De Pennington, N., Jones, J. G. & Carpenter, R. H. S. (2003). Dose response effect of sevoflurane sedation on the higher control of eye movements and decision-making. British Journal of Anaesthesia 91, 175-183.

Ober, J. K., Przedpelska-Ober, E., Gryncewicz, W., Dylak, J., Carpenter, R. H. S. & Ober, J. J. (2003). Hand-held system for ambulatory measurement of saccadic durations of neurological patients. In Modelling and Measurement in Medicine. ed. Gajda, J., pp. 187-198. Komitet Biocybernityki i Inzyneierii Biomedycznej PAN, Warsaw.

Reddi, B. A. J., Asrress, K. N. & Carpenter, R. H. S. (2003). Accuracy, information and response time in a saccadic decision task. Journal of Neurophysiology 90, 3538-3546. [full text]

Anderson, A.J., and Carpenter, R.H.S. (2004). Dynamics of probability prediction in a saccadic latency task. Journal of Physiology. 555P D554.

Carpenter, R.H.S. (2004). The saccadic system: a neurological microcosm. Advances in Clinical Neuroscience and Rehabilitation 4, 6-8. [full text]

Carpenter, R.H.S. (2004). Supplementary eye field: keeping an eye on eye movement. Current Biology 14, R416-418.

Carpenter, R.H.S. (2004). Homeostasis: a plea for a unified approach. Advances in Physiology Education 28, S180-187.

Carpenter, R.H.S. (2004). Contrast, probability and saccadic latency: evidence for independence of detection and decision. Current Biology 14, 1576-1580.

Carpenter, R.H.S., Swann, M.F., and Reitter, S.J. (2004). An inexpensive solid-state stimulator for ocular pursuit. Journal of Physiology 555P D553.

Jones, J.G., and Carpenter, R.H.S. (2004). Hypothesis - ocular monitoring techniques used in anaesthetic sedation may benefit drivers. Bulletin of the Royal College of Anaesthetists 28, 1414-1415.

Lamabadusuriya, H.I., Martin, R.I.R., and Carpenter, R.H.S. (2004). The effect of distractors on saccadic latency. Journal of Physiology 555P PC127.

Reddi, B.A.J., and Carpenter, R.H.S. (2004). Venous excess: a new approach to cardiovascular control and its teaching. Journal of Applied Physiology 98, 356-364.

Carpenter, R.H.S. (2005). Does scopesthesia imply extramission? Journal of Consciousness Studies 12, 76-78.

Carpenter, R.H.S. (2005). Visual pursuit: an instructive area of cortex. Current Biology 15, R638-640.

McDonald, S.A., Carpenter, R.H.S., and Shillcock, R.C. (2005). An anatomically-constrained, stochastic model of eye movement control in reading. Psychological Review 112, 814-840.

Ali, F.R., Michell, A.W., Barker, R.A., and Carpenter, R.H.S. (2006). The use of quantitative oculometry in the assessment of Huntington's disease. Experimental Brain Research 169, 237-245.

Anderson, A.J., and Carpenter, R.H.S. (2006). Changes in expectation consequent on experience, modelled by a simple, forgetful neural circuit. Journal of Vision 6, 822-835.

Carpenter, R.H.S., and Anderson, A.J. (2006). The death of Schrödinger's cat and of consciousness-based quantum wave-function collapse. Annales de la Fondation Louis de Broglie 31, 1-8.

Carpenter RHS, McDonald SA. (2006) LATER predicts saccade latency distributions in reading. Experimental Brain Research 177:176-83.

Michell, A.W., Xu, Z., Fritz, D., Lewis, S.J.G., Foltynie, T., Williams-Gray, C.H., Robbins, T.W., Carpenter, R.H.S., and Barker, R.A. (2006). Saccadic latency distributions in Parkinson's disease and the effects of L-dopa. Experimental Brain Research 169, 237-245.

Sinha, N., Brown, J.T.G., and Carpenter, R.H.S. (2006). Task switching as a two-stage decision process. Journal of Neurophysiology 95, 3146-3153.

Taylor, M.J., Carpenter, R.H.S., and Anderson, A.J. (2006). A noisy transform predicts saccadic and manual reaction times to changes in contrast. Journal of Physiology 573, 741-751.

Emeric EE, Brown JW, Carpenter RHS, Hanes DP, Harris R, Mashru RN, et al. (2007) Influence of history on saccade countermanding performance by humans and macaque monkeys. Vision Research. 47:35-49.

Oswal A, Ogden M, Carpenter RHS. (2007) The time-course of stimulus expectation in a saccadic decision task. Journal of Neurophysiology. 97:2722-30.

Reddi, B.A.J., and Carpenter, R.H.S. (2007). Venous return: cardiomythology? Clinical Medicine 7, 36.

Antoniades CA, Altham PME, Mason SL, Barker RA, Carpenter RHS. (2007) Saccadometry: a new tool for evaluating pre-symptomatic Huntington patients. Neuroreport. 18:1133-6.

Pearson BC, Armitage KR, Horner CWM, Carpenter RHS. (2007) Saccadometry: the possible application of latency distribution measurement for monitoring concussion. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 41:610-2.

Antoniades CA, Bak TH, Carpenter RHS, Hodges JH, Barker RA. (2007) The diagnostic potential of saccadometry in Progressive Supranuclear Palsy. Biomarkers in Medicine. 1:473-81.

Anderson AJ, Carpenter RHS. (2007) The effect of stimuli that isolate S-cones on early saccades and the gap effect. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 275:335-44.

Anderson AJ, Yadav H, Carpenter RHS. (2008) Directional prediction by the saccadic system. Current Biology. 18:614-8.

Nouraei SAR, Carpenter RHS. (2008) Development of a planimetry software for digitising printed graphs and historical clinical investigations. Clinical Otolaryngology. 33: 506-7

Nouraei SAR, Lloyd-Hughes H, Saleh HA, Carpenter RHS.(2008) Development of a software for objective assessment of facial symmetry. Clinical Otolaryngology. 33: 1-2

Carpenter RHS. (2008) Beyond the impact factory. Current Biology: 18, 687.

Roos JCP, Calandrini DM, Carpenter RHS. (2008) A single mechanism for the timing of spontaneous and evoked saccades. Experimental Brain Research. 187:283-93.

Carpenter RHS, Reddi BAJ, Anderson AJ. (2009). A simple two-stage model predicts response time distributions. Journal of Physiology. 587, 4051-4062.

Story GW, Carpenter RHS. (2009) Dual LATER-unit model predicts saccadic reaction time distributions in gap, step and appearance tasks. Experimental Brain Research. 193:287-296

Temel Y, Visser-Vandewalle V, Carpenter RHS. (2009) Saccadometry: a novel clinical tool for quantification of the motor effects of subthalamic nucleus stimulation in Parkinson’s disease. Experimental Neurology. 216: 481-9

Halliday J, Carpenter RHS. (2010)The effect of cognitive distraction on saccadic latency. Perception. 39: 41-50.

Antoniades CA, Zheyu X, Mason SL, Carpenter RHS, Barker RA. (2010) Huntington’s disease: changes in saccades and hand-tapping over three years. Journal of Neurology. 257: 1890-1898

Nouraei SAR, Roos JCP, Walsh SR, Ober J, Gaunt ME, Carpenter RHS. (2010) Objective assessment of the hemisphere-specific neurological outcome of carotid endarterectomy: a quantitative saccadometric analysis. Neurosurgery. 67: 1534-1541

Krismer F, Roos JCP, Schranz M, Graziadei IW, Mechtcheriakov S, Vogel W, Carpenter RHS, Zoller, H. (2010) Saccadic Latency in Hepatic Encephalopathy: A Pilot Study. Metabolic Brain Disease. 25: 285-295

Anderson, A. J., Carpenter, R. H. S. (2010) Saccadic latency in deterministic environments: getting back on track after the unexpected happens. Journal of Vision. 10, 1-12

Antoniades CA, Zheyu X, Mason SL, Carpenter RHS, Barker RA. (2010) Huntington’s disease: changes in saccades and hand-tapping over three years. Journal of Neurology. 257, 1890-1898

Walsh, S.R., Nouraei, S.A.R., Tang, T.Y., Sadat, U., Carpenter, R.H.S. & Gaunt, M.E. (2010) Remote ischemic preconditioning for cerebral and cardiac protection during carotid endarterectomy: results from a pilot randomized clinical trial. Vasc Endovascular Surg, 2010 44, 434-439.

Singh, M. & Carpenter, R.H.S. (2010) Saccadic latency with unexpected distraction. Proceedings of the Physiological Society 19, PC229.

Burrell, J.R., Hornberger, M., Carpenter, R.H.S., Kiernan, M.C. & Hodges, J.R.(2011) Saccadic abnormalities in frontotemporal dementia. Neurology ; In Press

Noorani I, Carpenter RHS. Full reaction time distributions reveal the complexity of neural decision-making. (2011) European Journal of Neuroscience. 33, 1948-1951

Carpenter, R. H. S. What Sherrington missed: the ubiquity of the neural integrator. (2011) Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 1233, 208-213

Hänzi, S., H. Copley & R. H. S. Carpenter. (2011) Saccadic latency and information foraging. Journal of Physiology Proceedings. In press.

Noorani, I. & R. H. S. Carpenter. (2011) The Timing of Antisaccades. Journal of Physiology Proceedings. In press

Perneczky, R., Ghosh, B.C., Hughes, L., Carpenter, R.H., Baker, R.A. & Rowe, J.B. (2011) Saccadic latency in Parkinson's disease correlates with executive function and brain atrophy, but not motor severity. Neurobiology of Disease. 43, 79-85

Dawson C, Murphy E, Maritz C, Chan H, Ellerton C, Carpenter RHS, Lachmann RH (2011) Dietary treatment of phenylketonuria: the effect of phenylalanine on reaction time. Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease. 34, 449-454

Noorani I, Gao MJ, Pearson BC, Carpenter RHS. Predicting the timing of wrong decisions. (2011) Experimental Brain Research 209, 587-598

Noorani, I. & Carpenter R. H. S. (2011) Full reaction time distributions reveal the complexity of neural decision-making. European Journal of Neuroscience 33 1948-1951

Antoniades, C. A. & Carpenter, R. H. S. (2012) Making Neurology Quantitative. Neuroreport In press

Chandna, A., Chandrasekharan, D. P., Ramesh, A. V. & Carpenter, R. H. S. (2012) Altered interictal saccadic reaction time in migraine: a cross-sectional study. Cephalalgia 32 473-480

Antoniades, C. A., Buttery, P., FitzGerald, J. F., Barker, R. A., Carpenter, R. H. S & Watts, C. (2012) Deep brain stimulation: eye movements reveal anomalous effects of electrode placement and stimulation. PLoS One 7 doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0032830

Carpenter, R. H. S. (2012) Analysing the detail of saccadic reaction time distributions. Biocybernetics and Biological Engineering 32 49-63.

Antoniades, C. A., Carpenter, R. H. S & Temel, Y. (2012)Deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus in Parkinson’s disease: similar improvements in saccadic and manual responses. Neuroreport 23 179-183

Antoniades, C. A., Ober, J., Hicks, S., Siuda, G., Carpenter, R. H. S., Kennard, C., et al. (2012) Statistical characteristics of finger-tapping data in Huntington's disease Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing 50: 341-346

Burrell, J. R., Hornberger, M., Carpenter, R. H. S., Kiernan, M. C. & Hodges, J. R. (2012) Saccadic abnormalities in frontotemporal dementia. Neurology In press

See also:

Schall, J.D. (1995) Racing to explain procrastination. Nature, 377 14-15. [abstract]

Colyer, E. (1999). The race is on ... New Scientist, 163 N. 2202, 38-40. [full text]